Book 4: Numbers


Chapter 30

Verse 2: Moshe spoke to the tribal leaders of Bnei Yisroel saying: "This is the word that Ad-noy has commanded.

Verse 3: If a man makes a vow to Ad-noy or makes an oath; to initiate a prohibition himself; he may not profane his word. He shall do all that he said.

Verse 4: [But] if a woman makes a vow to Ad-noy or obligates herself in her father's home while still in her youth,

Verse 5: and her father hears her vow or her self-imposed prohibition and remains silent, then all her vows shall stand and the self-imposed prohibition shall stand.

Verse 6: But if her father restrained her on the day he heard it, then all her vows and self-imposed prohibitions shall not stand. Ad-noy will forgive her because her father has restrained her.

Verse 7: If she is [married] to a man, and her vows were upon herself, or an utterance of a self-imposed prohibition,

Verse 8: and her husband heard about them and remained silent on the day he heard, then her vows shall stand, and the self-imposed prohibitions shall stand.

Verse 9: But, if on the day her husband hears about it, he restrains her, he then annuls her vow which was upon her, and self-imposed verbal prohibitions, and Ad-noy will forgive her.

Verse 10: The vow of a widow or a divorced woman--- everything she prohibited for herself shall remain incumbent upon her.

Verse 11: But, if she took the vow in her husband's home, or has taken a self-imposed prohibition upon herself, with an oath,

Verse 12: and her husband heard and remained silent, [and] did not restrain her, then all her vows shall stand, and all her self-imposed prohibitions shall stand.

Verse 13: But, if her husband annuls them on the day he hears them, then, whatever emanates from her lips regarding her vows and self-imposed prohibitions shall not stand. Her husband has annulled them, and Ad-noy will forgive her.

Verse 14: Every vow and every oath of self-denial, her husband can [either] let it stand, or her husband can annul it.

Verse 15: But, if her husband remains silent from one day to the next, then he has upheld all her vows or all her prohibitions that she has assumed. He has upheld them because he remained silent on the day he heard.

Verse 16: If he annuls them after having heard them, he must bear her transgression."

Verse 17: These are the statutes that Ad-noy commanded Moshe, regarding a man and his wife, a father and his daughter in her youth, while in her father's house.

Sheini (Second Aliyah)

Chapter 31

Verse 1: Ad-noy spoke to Moshe, saying.

Verse 2: "Take revenge for Bnei Yisroel against the Midianites, afterward, you shall be gathered to your people (die)."

Verse 3: Moshe spoke to the people, saying: "Arm men from among yourselves for the army and they will be against Midian, to bring revenge of Ad-noy against Midian.

Verse 4: One thousand from each tribe, one thousand from each tribe, for all of the tribes of Yisroel, you shall send into the army."

Verse 5: They were handed over from among the thousands of Yisroel, one thousand from each tribe, twelve thousand armed men for the army.

Verse 6: Moshe sent, one thousand from each tribe to the army, them, and Pinchas, son of Elozor the kohein to the army, with the sacred vessels and the trumpets in his hand.

Verse 7: They mounted a campaign against Midian, as Ad-noy had commanded Moshe, and they killed every male.

Verse 8: They killed the Midianite kings upon those they had slain: Evi, Rekem, Tzur, Chur and Reva--- [the] five kings of Midian. And Bil'am son of Beor they killed with the sword.

Verse 9: Bnei Yisroel took captive the Midianite women and their children. All their livestock, flocks and wealth they took as booty.

Verse 10: All their residential cities and palaces they set on fire.

Verse 11: They took all the booty, all that had been seized, of man and livestock,

Verse 12: And they brought to Moshe and to Elozor the kohein and to the entire community of Bnei Yisroel, the captives, and all that had been seized, and the booty, to the camp, at the plains of Moav, which was by the Yardein near Yereicho.

Verse 13: They went out---Moshe, Elozor the kohein and the princes of the community--- to greet them outside the camp.

Verse 14: Moshe was angry with the commanders of the army, at the officers of the thousands and at the officers of the hundreds who had returned from the army service of the war.

Verse 15: Moshe said to them: "Did you let every female live?

Verse 16: They were the very same ones who, on Bil'am's advice were involved with Bnei Yisroel to cause them to commit a betrayal against Ad-noy regarding the matter of Pe'or, so that the plague broke out within the community of Ad-noy.

Verse 17: Now execute every male among the children, and every woman with intimate knowledge of a man, you shall execute.

Verse 18: All the children among the females without intimate knowledge of a man, keep alive for yourselves.

Verse 19: You shall remain outside the camp for seven days. Whoever has killed a person or touched a corpse, purify yourselves, on the third day and on the seventh day, you and your captives.

Verse 20: Every garment, every leather article, everything made of goat products and every wooden article shall undergo such purification."

Verse 21: Elozor the kohein said to the soldiers who came to the war: "This is the statute of the Torah which Ad-noy commanded Moshe.

Verse 22: Only the gold, silver, copper, iron, tin and lead,

Verse 23: Anything placed [of these materials] on a fire, you must pass through fire, and it will be purified; however, it must be purified with sprinkling water. But anything [of these materials] that was not placed on a fire you may pass through water.

Verse 24: You shall immerse your garments on the seventh day and become purified; afterward you may come into the camp."

Revi'i (Fourth Aliyah)

Verse 25: Ad-noy spoke to Moshe, saying:

Verse 26: "Take count of the booty seized, of what was captured of the men and animals--- you, together with Elozor the kohein, and the leaders of the community.

Verse 27: Divide in half the spoils seized among those who took the war in hand, who went into the army, and the entire community.

Verse 28: Levy a tribute to Ad-noy from the people of the army who went out to war, one living being out of five hundred from the people, cattle, donkeys and sheep.

Verse 29: Take this from their half and give it to Elozor the kohein as a gift to Ad-noy.

Verse 30: And from the half of the Bnei Yisroel, take one part out of fifty, of the people, cattle, donkeys, sheep, and of all the other animals, and give it to the Levites who are entrusted with the Mishkon of Ad-noy."

Verse 31: Moshe and Elozor the kohein did as Ad-noy commanded Moshe.

Verse 32: The spoil was--- in addition to the booty that was taken by the army: 675,000 sheep,

Verse 33: 72,000 cattle,

Verse 34: 61,000 donkeys,

Verse 35: And the number of women who did not have intimate relations with a man all the souls amounted to 32,000.

Verse 36: The half-portion of those who went in the army, the amount of sheep [was] 337,500 .

Verse 37: The tribute to Ad-noy from the sheep, amounted to 675.

Verse 38: From the 36,000 cattle the tribute to Ad-noy amounted to 72.

Verse 39: From the 30,500 donkeys the tribute to Ad-noy amounted to 61.

Verse 40: From the 16,000 people the tribute to Ad-noy amounted to 32 people.

Verse 41: Moshe gave the tribute as a gift to Ad-noy, to Elozor the kohein, as Ad-noy had commanded Moshe.

Chamishi (Fifth Aliyah)

Verse 42: From the half [designated] for Bnei Yisroel that Moshe divided from the men of the army:

Verse 43: The community's half consisted of 337,500 sheep,

Verse 44: 36,000 cattle,

Verse 45: 30,500 donkeys,

Verse 46: and 16,000 people.

Verse 47: Moshe took from Bnei Yisroel's half, one part out of the fifty, from the people and from the animals, and gave them to the Levites who are entrusted with the Mishkon of Ad-noy; as Ad-noy had commanded Moshe.

Verse 48: The army officers approached Moshe--- the officers who were over divisions of the thousands and the officers of the thousands, and the officers of the hundreds.

Verse 49: And they said to Moshe: "Your servants have taken a census of the soldiers who went out to war and not one of us is missing.

Verse 50: We have therefore brought an offering for Ad-noy. Any man who found a gold article--- an anklet, or a bracelet, a ring, earring or clasp [has dedicated it for Ad-noy] to atone for ourselves before Ad-noy."

Verse 51: Moshe and Elozor the kohein took the gold from them, every fashioned article.

Verse 52: All the gold of the offering that they set apart for Ad-noy was 16,750 shekolim, from the officers who were over divisions of the thousands and from the officers who were over divisions of the hundreds.

Verse 53: The men of war, took booty for themselves.

Verse 54: Moshe and Elozor the kohein took the gold from the officers who were over divisions of the thousands and the hundreds, and they brought it to the Tent of Meeting as a remembrance for Bnei Yisroel before Ad-noy.

Chapter 32

Verse 1: Very large herds belonged to the children (tribes) of Reuvein and Gad--- [an] extremely large [number]; and they saw the land of Ya'zeir and the land of Gilad, and behold, the region was an area for livestock.

Verse 2: The tribes of Reuvein and Gad came and spoke to Moshe and to Elozor the kohein, and to the princes of the community, saying:

Verse 3: "Ataros, Divon, Ya'zeir, Nimrah, Cheshbon, Elalei, Sevam, Nevo and Be'on,

Verse 4: the land that Ad-noy struck down before Bnei Yisroel, is an area for livestock; and your servants have livestock."

Verse 5: They said: "If we have found favor in your eyes, let this land be given to your servants as a possession. Do not bring us over the Yardein."

Verse 6: Moshe said to the children (tribes) of Gad and Reuvein: "Should your brothers go out to war while you settle here?

Verse 7: Why do you dishearten Bnei Yisroel from crossing over to the land that Ad-noy has given them?

Verse 8: This is what your fathers did when I sent them from Kadeish Barnei'a to look at the land.

Verse 9: They went up to Nachal Eshkol and saw the land. They then disheartened Bnei Yisroel from coming into the land that Ad-noy has given them.

Verse 10: Ad-noy displayed His anger on that day and He swore, saying:

Verse 11: 'None of the men who came up from Egypt will see---those who are twenty years and above--- the land that I swore to Avraham, Yitzchok and Yaakov, for they did not follow Me fully.

Verse 12: Except for Kaleiv, son of Yefuneh, the Kenizite, and Yehoshua, son of Nun, because they followed Ad-noy fully.'

Verse 13: Ad-noy displayed anger against Yisroel and He made them wander in the wilderness for forty years, until the end (death) of the entire generation that had done evil in the eyes of Ad-noy.

Verse 14: Behold, you have now risen in the place of your fathers as a group of sinners, to add to the wrath of Ad-noy against Yisroel.

Verse 15: If you will turn away from following Him, He will again place them in the wilderness. and you will destroy this entire nation."

Verse 16: They (the tribes of Reuvein and Gad) approached him (Moshe) and said: "We will build enclosures for our flocks here and cities for our children.

Verse 17: We will then arm ourselves rapidly, and will be ready to go before Bnei Yisroel until we have brought them to their place. Our children will dwell in fortified cities because of the inhabitants of the land.

Verse 18: We will not return to our homes until each person of Bnei Yisroel takes possession of his hereditary property.

Verse 19: But we do not want to take possession with them across the Yardein and beyond, for, our inheritance came to us to the east of the Yardein."

Verse 20: Moshe said to them: "If you will do this, if you will arm yourselves before Ad-noy and go forth to the war,

Verse 21: and every armed man will cross the Yardein, before Ad-noy, until He has driven His enemies before Him,

Verse 22: and the land is conquered before Ad-noy--- afterwards you will return. You will then be vindicated from Ad-noy and from Yisroel, and this land will become yours permanently, before Ad-noy.

Verse 23: But if you will not do this, behold, you will have sinned against Ad-noy and you must realize that your sin will find you!

Verse 24: Build for yourselves cities for your children and enclosures for your sheep. But what you have expressed verbally, you must fulfill."

Verse 25: The tribe of Gad and the tribe of Reuvein said to Moshe saying: "Your servants will do as my master instructs.

Verse 26: Our children, wives, cattle and all livestock will remain there in the cities of Gil'ad.

Verse 27: And your servants will cross over--- all those in the army--- before Ad-noy, to the war, as my master commands."

Verse 28: Moshe commanded to them, Elozor the kohein, Yehoshua, son of Nun, and the heads of the tribes of Bnei Yisroel.

Verse 29: Moshe said to them: "If the tribe of Gad and Reuvein will cross the Yardein with you, every man that is armed for battle before Ad-noy, and the land is conquered before you, you shall give them the land of Gil'ad as a permanent possession.

Verse 30: But if they do not cross over with you, armed for battle, then they shall take possession among you in the land of Canaan."

Verse 31: The tribes of Gad and Reuvein answered, saying: "As Ad-noy has spoken to your servants, so shall we do.

Verse 32: We will cross over armed for battle before Ad-noy, to the land of Canaan, and we shall [then] have our permanent inheritance on this side of the Yardein."

Verse 33: Moshe gave to them--- to the tribe of Gad, to the tribe of Reuvein and to half the tribe of Menashe son of Yoseif--- the empire of Sichon, king of the Emorites and the empire of Og, king of the Bashan, the land along with the cities within their borders, even the cities of the surrounding land.

Verse 34: The sons of Gad built up Divon, Ataros, Aro'eir,

Verse 35: Atros Shofan, Yazeir, Yogbehah,

Verse 36: Beis Nimrah, and Beis Haran as fortified cities and sheep pens.

Verse 37: The tribe of Reuvein built up Cheshbon, El'alei, Kiryasayim,

Verse 38: Nevo, Ba'al Me'on--- their names having been changed, and Sivmah. They retained the names of the other cities that they built.

Verse 39: The sons of Machir, son of Menashe, went to Gil'ad and captured it, and drove out the Amorites who were in it.


Verse 40: Moshe gave the Gil'ad to Machir, son of Menashe, and he settled in it.

Verse 41: Yair, son of Menashe, went and conquered their villages and called them Chavos Yair.

Verse 42: Novach went and conquered Kenas and its suburbs, and called it Novach, after his own name.

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